Diagram 16 4-wheel 10ton Goods Brake Van
This is the earliest design for which drawings and photographs
survive, although there probably were earlier designs which were extinct before the 1903
Diagram Book was created. The D16 vans were 4-wheeled, 10 ton, vehicles 15ft 6in long and 7ft
6in wide. The wheelbase was an unusually short 8ft 6in and the vehicle was characterised by
its heavy external framing. The brake gear too, as shown in both the drawing and the
photograph, had a very heavy appearance with large wooden brakeblocks operating on the
inside rims of all four wheels. The 10ton tare weight was achieved by loading scrap iron
into compartments between the frame timbers below floor level.
This was the standard design from at least 1880 onwards, but its date of introduction is unknown, however it is reasonable to assume that there were earlier designs which were scrapped in favour of the new standard from, say, 1880 onwards. The D16 design remained the sole standard until 1894 when the 20ton 6-wheel design, D17, was introduced. The two designs continued to be built concurrently until 1901. A maximum stock of 1465 D16 brake vans was achieved by 1897. Therefore the majority of D16s would be numbered below about 1500. The examples found to date are: 88, 234, 702, 714, 1328, 1400, 1455-8, & 1543. The four vans numbered 1455-8 were formerly West Coast Joint Stock vehicles returned to the LNW in 1895. Although depleted by withdrawals after 1897 there were still about 300 of the 10ton D16 vans in service at the time of the grouping in 1923, but it is unlikely that they lasted long in LMS service.
LNWR Soc. Neg no. 1882
This photograph is not dated but nevertheless shows a vehicle in the original two diamonds livery. The heavy brake gear is hidden in the shadow underneath the van but the axleboxes, springs and running boards are clearly shown. This vehicle appears to be based at Shrewsbury and many other places are recorded but few are correlated with the van number.
HMRS Drawing no. 1522
This GA side elevation is taken from Earlestown Dwg no. 1. The original of this general arrangement drawing is heavily marked and patched. This side elevation has been cleaned, strengthened and simplified to make it presentable for use here. The details and dimensions remain those of the original and so may be relied upon for modelling purposes. In addition to providing dimensions and various hidden aspects of the design, the drawing gives details of the heavy brakegear. Note that end wall of the cabin is offset inwards from the side door-post.