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London and North Western Railway Society
Goods Engines of LNWR
The Locomotive Classes

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Mr. J. Ramsbottom

1858 — DX Goods
1863 — 4ft Shunter
1870 — Special Tank

Mr. F.W. Webb

1873 — 17in Coal Engine
1880 — 18in Goods
1881 — Special DX
1881 — Coal Tanks
1893 — ‘A’ class
1894 — Crane Tank
1896 — Dock Tank
1901 — ‘B’ class
1903 — 1400 Class

Mr. G. Whale

1904 — ‘C’ class
1904 — ‘E’ class
1906 — ‘D’ class
1906 — ‘F’ class
1906 — ‘G’ class
1912 — ‘G1’ class
1906 — 19in Express Goods

Mr. C.J. Bowen Cooke

1911 — 1185 class

Capt. H.P.M. Beames

1923 — 380 class

Ex GCR

1919 — ‘MM’ class
 

380 class

Vital Statistics

 
Official Name 380 class
Nickname ?
Water & Coal Storage Side tanks and bunker
Water Capacity 2,030 gallon
Coal Capacity 3½ tons
Wheel Arrangement 0-8-4T
Driven Wheels Eight 4ft 5½in wheels
Carrying Wheels Four trailing bogie — 3ft 3in wheels
Wheelbase 5ft 9in + 5ft 9in + 5ft 9in - 5ft 9in + 6ft 3in
Boiler 5ft 2in diameter; 14ft 6in long
Boiler Pressure 185 psi
Grate Area ? sq.ft.
Tubes ?
Total Heating Area 2,046 sq.ft.
Cylinders Two inside 20½in diameter; 24in stroke
Weight 88 tons
Designer Capt. H.P.M. Beames
Number in Class 30
Lifetime 1923—1951

Capt. H.P.M. Beames wanted a tank engine Explain 'Tank Locomotive' version of the 0-8-0’s more suitable for hauling heavy goods over short distances, fitting instead a trailing bogie to support a larger bunker containing more coal and water: 2030 gals. water(70% greater than the 0-8-2T’s) and 3½ tons coal (up 27%). These capacities even bore comparison with tender engines — a ‘Cauliflower’ Explain '‘Cauliflower’ 0-6-0 Locomotive Class' carried 5 tons of coal (42% greater) but slightly less water (2000 gals), and a ‘Special DX’ Explain 'Special ‘DX’ 0-6-0 Locomotive Class' carried 12% less water. As the LNW had many water troughs Explain 'Water Trough' this was less important than other lines but is still indicative. Again Webb buffers Explain 'Webb Buffer' with large 18in diameter heads were needed. Most had black livery but six appeared in LMS red livery from the start, all being delivered after the LMS had taken over.

Most of the thirty tanks spent their working lives in the valleys of South Wales, where most LNW lines could be classed as steeply-graded but some were positively ferocious: The climb to the Heads of the valleys from Abergavenny being at 1 in 38 and sharply curved!

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