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Goods Engines of LNWR
The Locomotive Classes

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Mr. J. Ramsbottom

1858 — DX Goods
1863 — 4ft Shunter
1870 — Special Tank

Mr. F.W. Webb

1873 — 17in Coal Engine
1880 — 18in Goods
1881 — Special DX
1881 — Coal Tanks
1893 — ‘A’ class
1894 — Crane Tank
1896 — Dock Tank
1901 — ‘B’ class
1903 — 1400 Class

Mr. G. Whale

1904 — ‘C’ class
1904 — ‘E’ class
1906 — ‘D’ class
1906 — ‘F’ class
1906 — ‘G’ class
1912 — ‘G1’ class
1906 — 19in Express Goods

Mr. C.J. Bowen Cooke

1911 — 1185 class

Capt. H.P.M. Beames

1923 — 380 class

Ex GCR

1919 — ‘MM’ class
 

‘A’ Class

Vital Statistics

 
Official Name ‘A’ Class
Nickname ?
Water & Coal Storage Tender
Water Capacity 2,000 gallon
Coal Capacity 5 tons
Wheel Arrangement 0-8-0
Driven Wheels Eight 4ft 5½in wheels
3rd pair flangeless
Carrying Wheels none
Wheelbase 5ft 9in + 5ft 9in + 5ft 9in
Boiler 4ft 2in diameter; 15ft 6in long
Boiler Pressure 175 psi
Grate Area 20.5 sq.ft.
Tubes 210
Total Heating Area 1,489 sq.ft.
High Pressure
Cylinders
Two outside 15in diameter; 24in stroke
Low Pressure
Cylinder
Single inside 30in diameter; 24in stroke
Weight in full working order 49 tons 5 cwt
Designer Mr. F.W. Webb
Number in Class 110
Lifetime 1893—1912

After the comparative trials, the 3-cylinder compound Explain 'Three-cylinder compound' was chosen as the standard heavy goods engine and 110 were built between 1894 and 1900. Steam was used first in the two 15in diameter outside cylinders, attractively flaired-in by an extended smokebox Explain 'Smoke Box' wrapper plate Explain 'Wrapper Plate', then used again in a single 30in diameter low pressure cylinder before exhausting to atmosphere up the chimney. From the front the smokebox profile was reminiscent of a bell shape. The long boiler Explain 'Long Boiler' enclosed a front tube plate Explain 'Front Tube Plate' recessed into the boiler as a combustion chamber Explain '??'.

Sandboxes Explain 'Sand Box' were provided both at the front of the engine, on the first splasher Explain 'Splasher', and on the tender Explain 'Tender' front. Sand for the tender could assist braking or when running in reverse, such as moving off a main line to allow a passenger train Explain 'Passenger Train' to pass. The third pair of driving wheels had no flanges Explain 'Flange', to assist the long rigid wheelbase Explain 'Wheel Base' get round sharp curves. All were later rebuilt, mostly ending up as ‘G1’ class Explain '‘G1’ 0-8-0 Locomotive Class'.

View the Genealogy of the 0-8-0 Design.

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